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2: Effects Terminology

Luke Hendrickson

11:50 · Keyboards

This lesson is all about defining the different types of effects you can use on your keyboard. Luke gives examples and explanations of what each different effect is used for.

2: Effects Terminology

Luke Hendrickson
  • Your Basic toolkit when creating your sound:

  • EQ (Equalization)

  • Compression

  • Filters

  • Reverb

  • Delay

Compression:
- Typically you want to compress your piano sounds to create sustain.
- If you don’t compress it’s going to have a spike in audio and then decay quickly.
- The compression almost makes the decay sound as if it’s growing.
- Compression adds fluidity to your playing.
- Compression helps smooth out your playing, especially helpful when you don’t play perfectly.

EQ:
- EQ shapes your tones.
- It enables you to work together with the band to really fill out the overall sounds you’re creating.
- Luke demonstrates taking out the both the high and low ends of the audio.

Filters:
- Filters are very closely related to EQ.
- Luke demonstrates the Low Pass filter, this filter removes all the high-end and only allows the low end to pass through.
- Almost every modern pop song will filter the instruments in various parts of the song.
- The filter will create tonnes of dynamic and emotion to your song.

In a verse you will typically have a dark pad, it’s there to create the atmosphere and foundation. In the chorus you want to add dynamics to the song, so you open up the EQ. Verse 2 you would bring it back down again. In the bridge, make it really bright and add another layer in there.

Reverb:
- Reverb makes the piano sound a lot bigger and wider.
- Reverb can be added to a pad, or a CP80 to make the sound wider and more dynamic.

Delay:
- Luke demonstrates how to use delay in conjunction with the other tools.