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Music Theory: The Major Scale

Jeffery Kunde

9:43

In this lesson Jeffrey covers the basics for building the major scale that uses the 12 notes in the Western musical system.

Music Theory: The Major Scale

Jeffrey Kunde

  • Building a scale is based off a mathematical formula

  • Half steps are the smallest steps you can make in music e.g. C to C#. C through C has 12 notes in the Western music system. A whole step would skip that C# and go straight to D.

Jeffrey gives the formula on a slide for a major scale:
  • root, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step to high root. You can apply this formula to all major scales.

  • By using this formula you can quickly find out how many sharps or flats occur in any scale.

  • The major scale has to follow the alphabet – The Consecutive Alphabetical Rule. You can’t skip or repeat letters. Western notes go A through G.

  • A scale will always have all sharps or all flats – it won’t combine the two.